Hale County’s current population is 34,671 based on the 2000 census. One of 254 counties in Texas, Hale County is located in the center of Llano Estacado or Staked Plains in the center of the northern tier of the South Plains.
The county was named for John C. Hale, who died at the battle of San Jacinto. Hale County covers 979 square miles of flat terrain, with fertile sandy and loamy soils and many playas; the elevation ranges from 3,200 to 3,600 feet above sea level. There is a considerable supply of underground water from the vast Ogallala Aquifer. Running Water Draw cuts southeastward across the county through Plainview, and Black Water Draw touches the southwestern part of the county. Hale County’s average annual rainfall is 19.34 inches. The average minimum temperature in January is 26 F, and the average maximum in July is 93 ; the growing season lasts 211 days. Hale County produces an average annual agricultural income of $160 million, 80 percent of which comes from cotton, corn, soybeans, sorghums, wheat, and vegetables; the remainder derives from beef cattle, swine, and sheep